Marrakech kvinderettigheds manifest
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Migrantkvinders rettigheder skal styrkes i FNs Global Compact on Migration

KULU har tilsluttet sig “MARRAKECH WOMEN RIGHTS MANIFESTO” og den kampagne, som Women in Migration Network (WIMN) gennemfører op til og under Marrakech mødet d.10.-11. december 2018. Her sætter verdens regeringer hinanden stævne for at vedtage FN's Global Compact for Migration - den første internationale aftale om fælles spilleregler for håndtering af migration.

I lyset af den aktuelle situation i Latinamerika, hvor en desperat folkevandring af familier krydser Mexico, bådflygtninge fra det nordlige Afrika fortsat risikerer livet - blot for at mødes af nye forhindringer i form af murer og hegn, der skal holde dem ude fra det forjættede land, eller interneringslejre, hvor familier og enkeltpersoner går for lud og kold vand, og sygdom og vold florerer - ja, så er den nye Global Compact on Migration et kæmpe fremskridt. Migration og flygtningestrømme på baggrund af krige, konflikter og klimaproblemer er et globalt anliggende, og skal løses i fællesskab af verdenssamfundet.

Kvinders og pigers situation under flugt og migration er særlig prekær, og derfor har KULU - sammen med kvindenetværk og organisationer verden over - valgt at sætte fokus på, hvordan kvinders rettigheder kan styrkes i den ny Global Compact. 
KULU inviterede derfor til mødet "MigrantKvindeStemmer: KVINDEØJNE på FNs GCM*", hvor KULU medlem Martha Salazar orienterede om FNs Global Compact on Migration* forud for GCM-topmødet i Marrakech i december samt om Women in Migration Network (WIMN), som KULLU deltager i. (http://womeninmigration.org/)

WIMN indsamler underskrifter til “MARRAKECH WOMEN RIGHTS MANIFESTO”, som opfordrer regeringerne til at sætte kvinders menneskerettigheder i centrum for migrationspolitik. KULU har underskrevet og opfordrer flere til at støtte op om Kvindernes Manifesto - se nedenfor.
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*GLOBAL COMPACT on Migration (GCM) er en sæt af regler for migration på det internationale niveau.*


Marrakech Women’s Rights Manifesto

As governments meet in Marrakech to adopt the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), we call on them to put women’s human rights at the center of migration policy.

The GCM promises to be “gender-responsive” and “a milestone in the history of the global dialogue and international cooperation on migration.” This will only be possible if women’s human rights, international labor standards and the following principles are fully incorporated into all national, regional and global migration policy.

1. Participation: Ensure the full, equal and meaningful participation of women and girls in migration in the policy spaces that impact their lives at local, national, regional and global levels. Adequate funding and leadership opportunities should be promoted and tokenism avoided.

2. Non-Discrimination: Prioritize an end to all forms of discrimination against women and girls, regardless of migration status, race, ethnicity, nationality, caste, class, age, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, health and pregnancy status, civil status or occupation. Realize migrant women’s rights and access to public services, including sexual and reproductive health care services, labor rights, and justice, regardless of migration status. Address the intersection of identities and multiple oppressions through integrated policy responses.

3. End Violence: Work to eliminate sexual and gender-based violence, exploitation and other forms of violence affecting women in countries of origin, transit and destination. Facilitate justice and accountability for these crimes by ensuring that migrant women and girls can report such violence without the risk of detention or deportation. Commit to concrete measures to end violence against women, including migrant women, in the world of work.

4. Safe Pathways: Provide access to regularization, permanent residence and pathways to citizenship, including family reunification initiatives. End the criminalization of migrants and those who assist them and defend their rights. End arbitrary detention regardless of migration status. Never return migrant women and families to countries where they may experience torture or other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment or other serious human rights abuses; and ensure that the principle of non-refoulement is always applied. Do not condition development aid on another country’s facilitation of returned migrants or third country migration enforcement.

5. Labor Rights: Affirm, in practice, freedom of association and full labor rights for migrant women and for all migrant workers, including domestic and informal sector workers, consistent with human rights and International Labour Organization (ILO) standards. Recognise, redistribute, and reduce women's unpaid care burden. Promote policies that expand women’s rights rather than policies that “protect women” which may undermine and limit their autonomy.

6. Rights at International Borders: Ensure that human rights are at the center of all border governance measures and are applied without exception to all who present themselves or cross at international borders -- whether labelled as migrants, refugees or asylum seekers, in irregular status or in other situations of vulnerability -- and that individual consideration is provided to ensure effective protection and access to justice. Ensure that border policies identify the particular physical, psycho-social, economic and legal needs of women, including the heightened risk of violence and exploitation.

7. Equitable Development: Invest in human-rights based equitable development that meets the economic, social and cultural rights of women and their families, facilitating the election of migration as a choice, not a necessity. 

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